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Japan is situated in northeastern Asia between the North Pacific and the Sea of Japan. The area of Japan is 377,873 square kilometers, nearly equivalent to Germany and Switzerland combined or slightly smaller than California. Japan consists of four major islands, surrounded by more than 4,000 smaller islands.

Shown below are the four major islands, their locations and sizes.


Hokkaido (northern island) 83,000   square kilometers

Honshu (main island)  231,000   square kilometers

Shikoku (smallest island) 19,000   square kilometers

Kyushu (southern island)  42,000   square kilometers


Japan's topographical features include coastlines with varied scenery, towering mountains, which are very often volcanic and twisted valleys that invite visitors into the mysterious world of nature.

Geography of Japan