Arts In Monaco
The cultural climate of the Principality developed rapidly in the
seventeenth century with the encouragement of Prince Honoré III.
Under Prince Pierre of Monaco during the first half of the twentieth
century, Monaco was a meeting place for all the greatest artist of
Following this lengthy art patronage tradition, H.S.H. Prince
Rainier III includes culture and arts as one of his principal
concerns. For over fifty years of reign, H.S.H. Prince Rainier III
has encouraged all forms of arts from Music to Literature.
Under his auspices, Monaco's Music Academy was founded in 1956. The
Orchestra initiated summer performances in the
Palace's Courtyard of Honor. In memory of His Father, Prince Pierre
de Monaco, H.S.H. Prince Rainier III instituted the Foundation
Prince Pierre, which assigns the Prince Pierre Literary Prize (since
1951), the Musical Composition Prize (since 1960), and the
Contemporary Art International Prize (since 1983). His H.S.H. Prince
Rainier III created the Directorate of Cultural Affairs in 1966,
responsible for coordinating and encouraging all cultural activities
of the Principality including the Spring Arts Festival, the Baroque
Music Week, and the International Circus Festival.
Under His direction, Monaco's cultural institutions have also gained
The Little Singers of Monaco went on their first
tour around the world in 1973.
The Prince receives support from His family in His interest in the
arts. The late Princess Grace was at the origin of many
developments, such as The
Princess Grace Irish Library. In 1964, the
Princess Grace of Monaco
Foundation was created to support the performing
arts. The Dance Academy Princess Grace, directed by Marika
Besobrasova, is an offshoot of this foundation.
H.S.H. the Princess of Hanover reformed the academy in 1985 to
launch the Monte-Carlo
Ballets. The Princess also presides over the
Spring Arts Festival.
Today, Monaco counts several major cultural ambassadors.
The first permanent orchestra established in 1863 came into its own
with the opening of the Garnier Palace in 1879. In 1953 it became
known as the National Orchestra of the Monte-Carlo Opera and it was
renamed the Monte-Carlo
Philharmonic Orchestra in 1979. Many great conductors of
this century, from Richard
Leonard Berstein to
have led the orchestra in concert. The Orchestra's Music Directors
have included Paul Paray, Louis Fremaux, Igor Markevitch, Lovro von
Matacic, Laurence Foster and James DePreist. Today, the Artistic
Director and Conductor in chief of the Monte-Carlo Philharmonic
Orchestra is Marek JANOWSKI.